Category Archives: Digital Libraries

Digital Library Resources

The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program

The National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program is implementing a national strategy to collect, preserve and make available significant digital content, especially information that is created in digital form only, for current and future generations.

The Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS)

was developed for use in facilitating a broad, discipline independent, consensus on the requirements for an archive or repository to provide long-term, preservation of digital information. It was also intended to support the development of additional digital preservation standards.

Standards at the Library of Congress (includes MARC, MODS, METS, SRU. Z39.50, EAD, PREMIS)

The Network Development and MARC Standards Office is a center for library and information network standards and planning in the Library of Congress. Established in 1976 to provide focus for networking activities in the Library of Congress, the office was expanded in 1984 to include MARC standards responsibilities. Thus, staff are involved in many facets of network development including:

The Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS)

was developed for use in facilitating a broad, discipline independent, consensus on the requirements for an archive or repository to provide long-term, preservation of digital information.

Digital Scholarship Publications Overview

Established in 2005 by Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Digital Scholarship provides information and commentary about digital copyright, digital curation, digital repository, open access, research data management,scholarly communication, and other digital information issues. Digital Scholarship’s digital publications are open access (i.e., free of charge). Publications are under Creative Commons Attribution or Attribution-NonCommercial licenses. All works are in English.

Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement

In a rapidly changing technological environment, the difficult task of ensuring long-term access to digital information is increasingly important. The Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works, 2012 Supplement presents over 130 English-language articles, books, and technical reports published in 2012 that are useful in understanding digital curation and preservation. This selective bibliography covers digital curation and preservation copyright issues, digital formats (e.g., media, e-journals, and research data), metadata, models and policies, national and international efforts, projects and institutional implementations, research studies, services, strategies, and digital repository concerns.

DLIST – Digital Library of Information Science and Technology

“Established in 2002, DLIST, Digital Library of Information Science and Technology is a cross-institutional, subject-based, open access digital archive for the Information Sciences, including Archives and Records Management, Library and Information Science, Information Systems, Museum Informatics, and other critical information infrastructures. The dLIST vision is to serve as a dynamic archive in the Information Sciences, broadly understood, and positively impact and shape scholarly communication in our closely related fields.”

Columbia University Human Rights Web Archive

The Human Rights Web Archive @ Columbia University is a searchable collection of archived copies of human rights websites created by non-governmental organizations, national human rights institutions, tribunals and individuals. Collecting began in 2008 and has been ongoing for active websites. New websites are added to the collection regularly.

UK Web Archive

Here you can see how sites have changed over time, locate information no longer available on the live Web and observe the unfolding history of a spectrum of UK activities represented online. Sites that no longer exist elsewhere are found here and those yet to be archived can be saved for the future by nominating them.

U.K Library Digital scholarship

Innovate with British Library digital collections and data. Undertake innovative research with our digital collections and data with the help of our Digital Research experts. – See more at: http://www.bl.uk/subjects/digital-scholarship#sthash.Ov4wXTYx.dpuf

Library Of Congress Archived Web Site

Web archiving is the process of collecting portions of the World Wide Web to ensure the information is preserved in an archive for future researchers, historians, and the public.[1] Web archivists typically employ web crawlers for automated capture due to the massive size and amount of information on the Web.

Open Archives Initiative (Standards for Web Content Interoperability)  
The Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content. OAI has its roots in the open access and institutional repository movements. Continued support of this work remains a cornerstone of the Open Archives program. Over time, however, the work of OAI has expanded to promote broad access to digital resources for eScholarship, eLearning, and eScience.

Building Digital Collections: A Technical Overview 
The Library of Congress’ commitment to digitizing historical materials and making them broadly accessible led to an early and persistent concern with establishing versatile and flexible metadata protocols. The documents below explore some of our recent experiences.

Digital Curation 
The curation of digital content encompasses a wide array of policies and practices that ensure the ongoing usability and accessibility of digital information. The processes related to digital curation include working with the originators of the content (whether data, text, images, or other) to document key aspects about it that will facilitate its later use by others.

Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange  
The Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) is a consortium which collectively develops and maintains a standard for the representation of texts in digital form. Its chief deliverable is a set of Guidelines which specify encoding methods for machine-readable texts, chiefly in the humanities, social sciences and linguistics. Since 1994, the TEI Guidelines have been widely used by libraries, museums, publishers, and individual scholars to present texts for online research, teaching, and preservation.

Brown University Center For Digital Scholarship 
The Center for Digital Scholarship (CDS), a cross-departmental group in the Brown University Library, supports digital scholarship for the Brown community and beyond by supporting scholarly and academic activities that are conducted or enhanced through the use of digital technology or that engage with its effects. This repository archive contains images and documentation of projects that have been retired, papers and presentations by CDS staff and other products that the group would like to preserve.

Digital Curation Resource Guide  
Digital curation involves selection and appraisal by creators and archivists; evolving provision of intellectual access; redundant storage; data transformations; and, for some materials, a commitment to long-term preservation. Digital curation is stewardship that provides for the reproducibility and re-use of authentic digital data and other digital assets. Development of trustworthy and durable digital repositories; principles of sound metadata creation and capture; use of open standards for file formats and data encoding; and the promotion of information management literacy are all essential to the longevity of digital resources and the success of curation efforts.

SRU- Search/Retrieve via URL  
SRU- Search/Retrieve via URL – is a standard XML-based protocol for search queries, utilizing CQL – Contextual Query Language – a standard syntax for representing queries.

Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) 
The MARC formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information in machine-readable form.

Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) 
Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) is a schema for a bibliographic element set that may be used for a variety of purposes, and particularly for library applications. The standard is maintained by the Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress with input from users.

OCLC Research  
OCLC Research is one of the world’s leading centers devoted to exploration, innovation and community building on behalf of libraries and archives. The work of OCLC Research occurs in five thematic areas.

IFLA World Library and Information Congress papers,  
The IFLA Library pulls together IFLA’s digital resources in a convenient single online location for ease of accessibility, search and browsing. It has been launched in summer 2013 with the IFLA World Library and Information Congress papers, and will continue to grow with the addition of existing and new resources.

Research Data Curation Bibliography   
The Research Data Curation Bibliography includes over 560 selected English-language articles, books, and technical reports that are useful in understanding the curation of digital research data in academic and other research institutions.

Open Access Webliography  
This webliography presents a wide range of electronic resources related to the open access movement that are freely available on the Internet as of April 2005. In basic terms, the goal of the open access movement is to make scholarly articles freely available in digital form worldwide with minimal restrictions on their use (e.g., proper attribution of authorship).

Open Access Overview  
This is an introduction to open access (OA) for those who are new to the concept. I hope it’s short enough to read, long enough to be useful, and organized to let you skip around and dive into detail only where you want detail. It doesn’t cover every nuance or answer every objection. But for those who read it, it should cover enough territory to prevent the misunderstandings that delayed progress in our early days.

The Magazine of Digital Library Research 
D-Lib Magazine is an electronic publication with a focus on digital library research and development, including new technologies, applications, and contextual social and economic issues. D-Lib Magazine appeals to a broad technical and professional audience. The primary goal of the magazine is timely and efficient information exchange for the digital library community to help digital libraries be a broad interdisciplinary field, and not a set of specialties that know little of each other.

Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works  
“The Digital Curation Bibliography: Preservation and Stewardship of Scholarly Works presents over 650 English-language articles, books, and technical reports that are useful in understanding digital curation and preservation. This selective bibliography covers digital curation and preservation copyright issues, digital formats (e.g., data, media, and e-journals), metadata, models and policies, national and international efforts, projects and institutional implementations, research studies, services, strategies, and digital repository concerns. Most sources have been published from 2000 through 2011; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 2000 are also included. The bibliography includes links to freely available versions of included works, such as e-prints and open access articles.”

Libgary of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Online Catalog 
The collections of the Prints & Photographs Division include photographs, fine and popular prints and drawings, posters, and architectural and engineering drawings. While international in scope, the collections are particularly rich in materials produced in, or documenting the history of, the United States and the lives, interests and achievements of the American people.

Visual Resources Association  
The Visual Resources Association is an international association of image media professionals. It is a multi-disciplinary organization dedicated to furthering research and education in the field of image management within the educational, cultural heritage, and commercial environments.

List of Web archiving initiatives 
This page contains a list of Web archiving initiatives worldwide. For easier reading, the information is divided in three tables: web archiving initiatives, archived data, and access methods.

Contemporary Composers Web Archive (CCWA)  
The Contemporary Composers Web Archive is a newly launched initiative by the music librarians at Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Johns Hopkins, Princeton, and Yale universities, MIT, and the universities of Chicago and Pennsylvania (collectively known as the Borrow Direct Music Librarians Group) and operates under the auspices of Columbia University Libraries and Information Services.

Collections with Archived Web Sites 
Web archiving is the process of collecting portions of the World Wide Web to ensure the information is preserved in an archive for future researchers, historians, and the public.[1] Web archivists typically employ web crawlers for automated capture due to the massive size and amount of information on the Web.

Library of Congress, Washington D.C.

The Library of Congress is essentially the national library of the United States and the oldest federal cultural institution in the US. The library consists of three different buildings and is the largest library in the world as measured by shelf space and number of volumes. The library is open to the public, but as the research institution of Congress only members of Congress (and Supreme Court justices and certain other government officials) may check out books. Interestingly, the library serves a function as the “library of last resort” in the US, making certain items available to other United States libraries if they are not available via other means. The holdings of the library are impressive and varied, and include over 32 million books, more than 61 million manuscripts, a rough draft of the Declaration of Independence, a perfect vellum copy of the Gutenberg Bible (one of only four in the world), over 1 million newspapers from the last three centuries, over 5 million maps, 6 million pieces of sheet music, and more than 14 millions photos and prints.

Boston Public Library

The Boston Public Library is the first publicly supported library in the US. It was established in 1848 and has since grown to its present collection size of 22 million items, which makes it the second largest library in the United States. The Central Library consists of two buildings, the Johnson Building and the beautiful McKim Building. The McKim building houses the library’s research collection and exhibitions. It was built in 1895 and contains many beautiful murals, including Edward Abbey’s most famous that depicts the legend of the Holy Grail. The main room of the McKim building is Bates Hall which has an amazing coffered ceiling. The research collection at McKim is made up of over 1.7 million rareties, including many medieval manuscripts, incunabula, early Shakespeare that includes a First Folio, colonial Boston records, a major Daniel Defoe collection, and the libraries of many famous men of history including John Adams, William Lloyd Garrison, and Nathaniel Bowditch.

New York Public Library, New York, New York

The New York Public Library is awe inspiring in its scope and breadth. It is the the third largest library in North America, has over 50 million items in its collection, and consists of 87 libraries serving 3.5 million people. The Rose Main Reading Room features grand windows and chandaliers, as well as a beautiful gilded and painted ceiling. The Library special collections include the first Gutenberg Bible to come to America, and a special emphasis on Americana. The Library is one of the most recognizable on our list, with multiple appearances in feature films, with its inclusion as a key setting in the film “The Day After Tomorrow” and as the setting of a significant portion of the movie “Ghostbusters”.

Seattle Central Library, Seattle, WA

The Seattle Central Library opened in 2004 and features a beautiful glass and steel modern design created by architects Rem Koolhaas and Joshua Prince-Ramus of OMA/LMN. The goal of the design was to make an inviting open and airy space, avoiding the popular perception of libraries as dark and stuffy. The library can hold up to 1.45 million books and materials, and serves over 2 million patrons a year.

Public Library Survey Data Release   
Explore the data from the Public Libraries Survey (PLS) through our online publications, tools, and APIs or access the downloadable data files to conduct your own research.

American Library Association Archives: Holdings Database 
“This website provides a searchable interface for the American Library Association Archives’ ‘control card’ database. The system includes records for over 1,100 archives or manuscript collections which have been arranged according to the archival principle of provenance. Materials are arranged in a three-part classification scheme of record group, record sub-group, and record series.”

National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (NUCMC)  
Provides access to the RLIN AMC (Archival and Mixed Collections) file and the OCLC bibliographic database describing archival and manuscript collections in public, college and university, and special libraries located throughout North America and around the world. “NUCMC, or the National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections, is a free-of-charge cooperative cataloging program operated by the Library of Congress.”

Dallas Public Library, TX   
The Mission of the Dallas Public Library is to link resources and customers to enhance lives. The Library is committed to inform, entertain, enrich, and to foster the self-learning process by facilitating access to its collections, services, and facilities to all members of the community. All service efforts will focus on customer expectations and needs.

King County Library System, WA  
The mission of the King County Library System is to provide free, open, and equal access to ideas and information to all members of the community. Provide open, non-judgmental access to collections and services without regard to race, citizenship, age, educational level, economic status, religion, or any other qualification or condition.

Queens Borough Public Library, NY
The Queens Library serves 2.3 million people from 62 locations plus seven Adult Learning Centers and two Family Literacy Centers. It circulates among the highest numbers of books and other library materials in the country. Queens Library is an autonomous library system, guided by a 19-member Board of Trustees alternately appointed by the Mayor of the City of New York and the Queens Borough President

Hennepin County Library, MN  
Hennepin County Library is a national leader of library service, innovation and excellence. Our 41 libraries, website and outreach services serve 1.2 million county residents over 611 square miles. Our mission is to nourish minds, transform lives and build community together.

Public Library of Cincinnati & Hamilton County, OH  
The Main Library serves as the hub of the Library system as well as the “neighborhood library” for thousands of downtown workers and residents. With one of the finest collections of materials among U.S. public libraries, the Main Library attracts more than one million users annually.

Detroit Public Library, MI   
The Detroit Public Library opened for service on March 25, 1865 in one room of the old Capitol High School located at State and Griswold streets with a collection of 5,000 books. From 1865 to 1880, a committee of the Detroit Board of Education governed the library. In 1871, the Michigan Legislature approved a six-member Detroit Library Commission, to be appointed by the Board of Education for six-year terms, with the president of the Board to serve as a seventh, ex-officio voting member.

County of Los Angeles Public Library  
The County of Los Angeles Public Library is a network of 84 community libraries serving 3.5 million people in 50 cities and unincorporated areas of the County of Los Angeles. The County Library Foundation, created in 1982, is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting the County of Los Angeles Public Library

Los Angeles Public Library  
The Los Angeles Public Library provides free and easy access to information, ideas, books and technology that enrich, educate and empower every individual in our city’s diverse communities.

National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped (NLS) 
Through a national network of cooperating libraries, NLS administers a free library program of braille and audio materials circulated to eligible borrowers in the United States by postage-free mail.

The National Library of Education  
The National Library of Education was created in 1994, however the library collection began around 1872. The library serves as the federal government’s primary education information resource to the public, education community, and other government agencies.