Category Archives: Papyrology & Epigraphy

Papyrology & Epigraphy


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Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS UM)

The University of Michigan Library is home to the largest collection of ancient papyri in North America. The documents in the Papyrology Collection, which span roughly 2,000 years, contain not only important religious texts — including 60 pages of the oldest known copy of the Epistles of Paul — but also personal letters, school primers, sales contracts and other records that paint a unique portrait of everyday life. Of the 18,000 pieces in the collection, about 5,000 have never been studied and translated, and continue to attract scholars from across the country and around the world.

Harvard Houghton Library’s collection of papyri

Houghton Library’s collection of papyri consists of 84 manuscripts dating from the 3rd century BC to the 6th century AD. Most of the papyri come from Oxyrhynchus, but there are also papyri from Hibeh and from the Fayûm. The collection comprises both literary and documentary texts. They are all written in Greek except for one (P. Oxy. 6.987), which is a bookplate written in Coptic.

The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL)

The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL) is an initiative of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW) at New York University. AWDL will identify, collect, curate, and provide access to a broad range of scholarly materials relevant to the study of the ancient world.

Trismegistos Texts Database

Trismegistos [TM], called after the famous epithet of Hermes – Thoth, the Egyptian god of wisdom and writing who also played a major role in Greek religion and philosophy, is a platform aiming to surmount barriers of language and discipline in the study of texts from the ancient world, particularly late period Egypt and the Nile valley (roughly BC 800 – 800 AD). : Papyrological Navigator (PN)

The Papyrological Navigator (PN) supports searching, browsing, and aggregation of ancient papyrological documents and related materials; the Papyrological Editor (PE) enables multi-author, version controlled, peer reviewed scholarly curation of papyrological texts, translations, commentary, scholarly metadata, institutional catalog records, bibliography, and images.

Colunbia Advanced Papyrological Information System  
APIS is a component of the larger Papyrological Navigator database, a worldwide aggregation of digital images, metadata, translations and transcriptions of papyri and ostraca (clay tablets). A listing of Columbia’s ca. 5,800 papyri and ostraca can be viewed here

Papyri, Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts at the Bodleian Library  
A guide to the finding aids available for papyri and medieval manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University. Subjects: Ancient Near East, Bodleian Library, Celtic, Classics and Ancient History, College Libraries, General, History – General, Searching the Libraries (catalogues and finding aids)

British Library Catalogues Archives and Manuscripts  
The Library’s new catalogue for archives and manuscripts includes all new cataloguing since summer 2009. We are currently migrating existing archive and manuscript catalogues to it and hope to have it completed later in 2011. In the meantime users should continue to use the Library’s existing manuscript catalogues as well.

Giessen Papyri and Ostracad database   
The database shows the Papyri and Ostraka, which are located in the University Library of Giessen. Most of these documents are documentary papyri, such as invoices, business letters, decrees, etc. In the database there are about 560 Ostraka, which are described in the antique as a cheap writing material.

Greek Papyrus of the Heidelberg Papyrus collection  
an electronic total list of previously published Greek papyrus documents in Egypt developed, which in and related texts on ostraca and similar writing substrates, such Latin language, and those from other regions of the Near East,

Prosopography to Soknopaiu Nesos  
The material basis is firstly the documentary sources of the Roman age. The database is intended to enable all students of antiquity, independent of their language skills, to work with the prosopographical and topographical information provided by the Papyri and Ostraka from Soknopaiu Nesos.

The Berlin Papyrus Database (BerlPap)  
The Berlin Papyrus Database (BerlPap) is a project sponsored by the German Research Foundation (DFG) for cataloguing and digitising large parts of the inventory of the Berlin Papyrus Collection. The results of this project are presented in an online database, which contains the digital images and all the relevant metadata for the Greek and Latin texts of the Berlin Papyrus Collection that have been preserved on papyri, ostraca, parchment, wood tablets, wax tablets, as well as paper. The online database should therefore offer all scholars of antiquity and those interested in ancient Egypt access to high-quality images of the original objects and additional information. Links to other databases allow for further enrichment.

Bavarian State Library (papyri)  
The initiative of a papyrus collection in Munich goes back to Georg von Laubmann, the director of the royal court and state library from 1882 to 1909. The first purchase of about 16 literary fragments and about 110 documents or certificates took place by the archaeologist Hermann Thiersch in 1900 Including Pap.graec.mon. 89 (Herodot I 115-116) and Pap.graec.mon. 90 (Xenophon, De Vectigalibus I 5-6). From 1909, the royal court and state library became a member of the Greek literary papyri section of the Deutsche Papyruskartell and acquired further valuable pieces in this way.

American studies in papyrology  
The creation of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University has its roots in the passion that Shelby White and Leon Levy had for the art and history of the ancient world, which led them to envision an Institute that would offer an unshuttered view of antiquity across vast stretches of time and place.

The ‘Papyrus Portal’   
The ‘Papyrus Portal’ is a project that enables the user with both the opportunity of an efficient and effective search of all digitized and electronically catalogued papyrus collections in Germany and an unified presentation of the search results with the most important information on the particular papyrus.

Catalogue of Paraliterary Papyri (CPP):  
It contains descriptions of Greek papyri and other written materials which, because of their paraliterary character, cannot be found in the standard electronic corpora of literary and documentary papyri,

Arabic Papyrology School  
The “Arabic Papyrology School” offers you an easy, step by step introduction to methods that enable you to read and understand original Arabic documents, which give an insight into everyday life.

The Arabic Papyrology Database  
The Arabic Papyrology Database is a tool enabling you to access the editions of Arabic documents written on different material such as papyrus, parchment or paper. Those productive editions are an often unraised treasure for almost every aspect of Islamic history up to the 16th c. A.D.

Bibliography papyrological  
BP aims to provide comprehensive bibliographic information, correct and fast in all areas under papyrology – understood in a broad sense, as the science of Greco-Roman Egypt. BP was founded in 1932 by Marcel Hombert, following a project presented at the Second International Congress Papyrologie (Leiden, 1931). Long restricted, for texts, literary works and documents written in Greek or Latin, it opened since 2012 to “other” documentaries papyrologies (mostly Demotic, Coptic and Arabic). The period begins with the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great; it now extends to the time of writing the last Coptic documents, in the eleventh century AD.

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg

The Epigraphic Database Heidelberg contains the texts of Latin and bilingual (i.e. Latin-Greek) inscriptions of the Roman Empire. The epigraphic monuments are collected and kept up to date on the basis of modern research. With the help of search functions specific queries can be carried out – e.g. a search for words in inscriptions and / or particular descriptive data. The search results are often displayed together with photos and drawings.

Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents

The Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents was established in 1995 under the auspices of Oxford University’s Faculty of Literae Humaniores to provide a focus for the study of ancient documents within Oxford. Over the last six years it has developed into a research centre of national and international importance. The Centre forms part of the Classics Centre, currently located in the Old Boys’ School in George Street.

Images of Inscriptions

Images of several hundred inscriptions are now available for viewing and downloading at resolutions of 72 dpi and 150 dpi. The images are listed according to geographical region – except for Attic inscriptions, which have been further divided between IG I and IG II texts. To find inscriptions from a particular area, follow the links below: Athens and Attica Peloponnese Central Greece Aegean Islands Asia Minor Egypt and the Near East

Searchable Greek Inscriptions

Collection of ancient Greek inscriptions. Can be used in tandem with PHI Workplace Version 10.

Attic Inscriptions Online

This website was created by Stephen Lambert and launched in 2012 with translations of the 281 inscribed laws and decrees of Athens dating to 352/1-322/1 BC (IG II3 1, 292-572). Gradually, more translations are being added, together with more information about the inscriptions, explanatory notes, and supporting academic papers (AIO Papers).

Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative  
CDLI is an online catalog of more than 230,000 cuneiform tablets with over 75,000 images. Columbia’s ca. 500 tablets are included in this collection and may be browsed here.

Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy 
EAGLE with the establishment of a (Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy) represents the culmination of the work on the creation of a general database ancient epigraphy initiated in 1997 by the Association Internationale d’épigraphie Grecque et Latine (AIEGL) Commission ad hoc as follows: Silvio Girdle, Italy; Géza Alföldy, Germany; Alain Bresson, France; Kevin Clinton, United States; Charles V. Crowther, Great Britain; Manfred Hainzmann, Austria; were added later: José D’Encarnação, Portugal; Marcus Dohnicht, Germany; Thomas Elliot, United States; John Jory, Australia; Charalambos Kritzas, Greece; Leopold Migeotte, Canada; Marie-Therese Raepsaet Charlier, Belgium; Olli Salomies, Finland; Marjeta Sasel Kos, Slovenia.

Database of Latin Inscriptions  
On this site you find a data base that records almost all Latin inscriptions. The texts are presented without abbreviations and completed where possible. The presentation of the texts is kept as simple as possible. Beside the commonly used indications for resolution, completions and erasures as few special characters as possible have been used. The abbreviations give the references for the publications used. The statistical data indicates which volumes (with how many texts per volume as far as the Latin inscriptions are concerned) are recorded completely in the data base. By now 758.734 sets of data for 502.455 inscriptions from 3.500 publications, with the following journals, for 22.232 places with 107.542 pictures have been recorded.

U.S Epigraphy Project  
Initially, the project focused on collecting metadata and images. It is now also entering the text for each inscription and will eventually add translation and notess. John Bodel has been the director of the US Epigraphy Project since 1995. US Epigraphy is a member of the group developing the Epidoc DTD, a TEI conformant DTD for encoding classical inscriptions. In the future, the project will also develop some basic pedagogical tools to exploit the instructional potential of the photographic archive (e.g., to illustrate styles of writing, ligatures, stonecutters’ marks, erased, corrected, or supplemented text, etc.).

Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents at Oxford  
Images of several hundred inscriptions are now available for viewing and downloading at resolutions of 72 dpi and 150 dpi. The images are listed according to geographical region – except for Attic inscriptions, which have been further divided between IG I and IG II texts. To find inscriptions from a particular area, follow the links below:

Epigraphics Database Clauss / Slaby (KU Eichstätt)  
a database which is to cover all Latin inscriptions, whereby the texts are dissolved and supplemented. The presentation of the texts is as simple as possible. Apart from the generally accepted information on resolutions, additions and repayments, the special characters used are kept to a minimum. The abbreviations for the templates used are linked to cross-references to other epigraphic databases.

The Epigraphic Database Bari project (EDB)  
The Epigraphic Database Bari project (EDB), started in 1988, specializes in the epigraphic documents by Christians of Rome between III-rd and VIII-th cent. CE in the framework of the Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy (EAGLE), to whom it participates as founding-member – with EDH and EDR – since 2004.

Hispania Epigraphica (HE)  
The Epigraphic Database Roma (EDR) is a constituent part of the International Federation of epigraphic databases called Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy (EAGLE). As such, it is provided that can be consulted much in itself, but together with the other associated banks through the world EAGLE ( ). At present are part of the Federation, as well as EDR, the Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg (EDH) , the Epigraphic Database Bari (EDB) and Hispania Epigraphica (HE)

Cuneiform inscriptions  
The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL) is an initiative of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW) at New York University. AWDL will identify, collect, curate, and provide access to a broad range of scholarly materials relevant to the study of the ancient world.

Inscriptions of Aphrodisias   
This is the first edition of the online corpus of the inscriptions of Aphrodisias recorded up to 1994. The editions, translations and commentary are by Joyce Reynolds, Charlotte Roueché and Gabriel Bodard.

History and Bibliography of the Inscriptions   
The first study devoted to the history of the inscriptions of Aphrodisias was a small volume by J. M. R. Cormack, Notes on the History of the Inscribed Monuments of Aphrodisias (Reading, 1955), written while he was preparing the inscriptions recorded by his teacher, William Calder, for publication (as MAMA 8). The relevance of such material was illuminated by the work of Louis Robert; this was reflected in the discussion of visitors to Caria in J. and L. Robert, La Carie II, and to Aphrodisias in Hellenica 13, 109-16; the background to one group of texts was set out by J. M. Reynolds, A&R Appendix II, 147-8. Since then, new material has emerged; what follows is an account of the current state of our knowledge.

Curse Tablets of Roman Britain 
‘Curse tablets’ are small sheets of lead, inscribed with messages from individuals seeking to make gods and spirits act on their behalf and influence the behaviour of others against their will. The motives are usually malign and their expression violent, for example to wreck an opponent’s chariot in the circus, to compel a person to submit to sex or to take revenge on a thief. Letters and lines written back to front, magical ‘gibberish’ and arcane words and symbols often lend the texts additional power to persuade. In places where supernatural agents could be contacted, thrown into sacred pools at temples, interred with the dead or hidden by the turning post at the circus, these tablets have survived to be found by archaeologists.

Vindolanda Tablets Online Database   
This online edition of the Vindolanda writing tablets, excavated from the Roman fort at Vindolanda in northern England, includes the following elements: Tablets – a searchable online edition of the tablets (volumes I and II) Exhibition – an introduction to the tablets and their context Reference – a guide to aspects of the tablets’ content Help – navigation and using the site

Photographic Archive of Papyri in the Cairo Museum   
Photographic Archive of Papyri in the Cairo Museum. A project supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Digitised Images from the Cox Archive  
The archive of notebooks, photographs and squeezes from Sir Christopher Cox’s two Phrygian expeditions in 1925 and 1926 which formed the basis for Barbara Levick’s and Stephen Mitchell’s publication of volumes IX and X of Monumenta Asia Minoris Antiqua in 1988 and 1993 have been deposited in the Centre by Dr. Levick.

Imaging Roman Stilus Tablets  
The Centre undertook a joint project with the Department of Engineering Science at Oxford University between 1997-2002 to develop a new computer-based image-enhancement technique for incised material.

The Ashmolean Latin Inscriptions Project (AshLI)  
The Ashmolean Latin Inscriptions Project (AshLI) is a three-way collaboration between Warwick University, Oxford University and the Ashmolean Museum, supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council.

Proxeny networks of the Ancient World  
Proxeny Networks of the Ancient World (a database of proxeny networks of the Greek city-states)

The Corpus of Ptolemaic Inscriptions (CPI)  
The Corpus of Ptolemaic Inscriptions (CPI) consists of more than 550 Ptolemaic epigraphic monuments. Of these, Peter Fraser’s collection of 346 Ptolemaic inscriptions from Egypt, accompanied by a rich photographic archive of monuments and sites, constitutes the core. A further 215 inscriptions have been collected by the CPI research team, which, when added to Fraser’s archive, provide us with as complete a picture of Ptolemaic epigraphy as has up to now been possible.

Smithsonian Collections Search Center (CSC)  
The Collections Search Center provides easy “one-stop searching” of more than 5.4 million of the Smithsonian’s museum, archives, library and research holdings and collections from across the institution. Selected fields from Anthropology’s ethnographic, archaeological, and archival databases are included, and the CSC provides links to the specific online databases listed below.

Arabian Epigraphic Notes  
The Arabian Peninsula contains one of the richest epigraphic landscapes in the Old World, and new texts are being discovered with every expedition to its deserts and oases. Arabian Epigraphic Notes is a forum for the publication of these epigraphic finds, and for the discussion of relevant historical and linguistic issues.