Category Archives: General Paleography

Ancient Paleography


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The National Archives (Reading old documents)

Our range of online tutorials on Latin and palaeography will help you to read documents from the medieval period and beyond, through practical activities and useful examples.

The Repertorium Chronicarum

The Repertorium Chronicarum is the first attempt to record in a single reference work the location of every known manuscript of every known Latin chronicle of the Middle Ages. The Repertorium is intended to assist scholars in rapidly surveying the genre of medieval chronicles to determine which texts are relevant to their own work, and then in finding their way to the manuscript sources of particular chronicles.

Early American Manuscripts Project

The New York Public Library has provided essential access to books and information for more than a century. Today, we are building on that legacy by increasing access to our collections physically and online, and by transforming our libraries into proactive centers of education and opportunity for all New Yorkers.

Medieval and Early Modern Manuscripts Collection

These include medieval and Renaissance documents from England, France, Spain and Italy, including deeds, charters, illuminated manuscript leaves, letters, letter patents, papal bulls, fragments from religious manuscripts, manuscripts on medicine and magic, a catalogue of English armorial shields, statutes of the Garter, and a manuscript of a Spanish Carmelite prioress.

Medieval Manuscripts in Austria

Medieval Manuscripts in Austria”, which was set up in May 2009, is managed by the Department of Writing and Bookkeeping at the Institute for Medieval Research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in cooperation with several libraries.

Early Manuscripts at Oxford University

Digital facsimiles of complete manuscripts, scanned directly from the originals This site provides access to over 80 early manuscripts now in institutions associated with the University of Oxford. Please read the information

Digital Resource and Database of Palaeography, Manuscript Studies and Diplomatic

DigiPal is a new resource for the study of medieval handwriting, particularly that produced in England during the years 1000–1100, the time of Æthelred, Cnut and William the Conqueror. It is designed to allow you to see samples of handwriting from the period and to compare them with each other quickly and easily.

Research documentation on manuscripts and rare print of the Bavarian State Library   
The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek has documented research publications on the collections of the Department of Manuscripts and Rare Books for more than half a century, in order to provide experts and the interested public with references to relevant secondary literature. This research documentation, by now including over 200,000 entries, thus represents an essential and strongly sought-after aid.

Europeana Regia: Cooperative digital library of royal manuscripts of the European Middle Ages and Renaissance manuscripts  
1. The “Bibliotheca Carolina”, for which a total of 425 masterpieces of the most important abbeys and monastic schools of the Carolingian Empire (8th-9th century) – including Reichenau, Saint-Denis, Corbie, Reims, Saint-Amand, Freising and Weißenburg (Wissembourg). The manuscripts excellently illustrate the intellectual and artistic activity of these centers of religious life, ecclesiastical and secular power, as well as their rich exchange of texts and artistic examples. The texts and images to be digitized for Europeana Regia represent approximately 50% of all Karolinger manuscripts still preserved in Europe. The Bavarian State Library will contribute 114 far more than a quarter of all manuscripts to this project. 2. The library of King Charles V, the most important royal collection of illuminated manuscripts from the 14th century, was the centerpiece of aristocratic culture in France, England, Flanders and Burgundy, mainly due to numerous copies made of it. A total of 167 manuscripts will be digitized and developed at the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. 3. The Library of the Aragonese Kings of Naples: This magnificent collection is a unique collection of masterpieces of French, Venetian, Neapolitan, Lombard and Spanish bookmaking. It is a symbol of the cultural unity of Europe across political borders. The Bavarian State Library will contribute a total of 282 manuscripts. It is a symbol of the cultural unity of Europe across political borders. The Bavarian State Library will contribute a total of 282 manuscripts. It is a symbol of the cultural unity of Europe across political borders. The Bavarian State Library will contribute a total of 282 manuscripts.

The International Dunhuang Project: The Silk Road Online  
IDP is a ground-breaking international collaboration to make information and images of all manuscripts, paintings, textiles and artefacts from Dunhuang and archaeological sites of the Eastern Silk Road freely available on the Internet and to encourage their use through educational and research programmes.

British Library Digital Manuscripts  
The Digitised Manuscripts site contains many different kinds of manuscripts, archives and documents. Much of the content available here has been digitised as part of the British Library’s digitisation projects, details of which are given below.

The Library of Congress : Manuscript Resading Room 
The Manuscript Division’s holdings, approximately sixty million items in eleven thousand separate collections, include some of the greatest manuscript treasures of American history and culture and support scholarly research in many aspects of political, cultural, and scientific history.

The Edgar J. Goodspeed Manuscript Collection  
The Edgar J. Goodspeed Manuscript Collection comprises 68 early Greek, Syriac, Ethiopic, Armenian, Arabic, and Latin manuscripts ranging in date from the 5th to the 19th centuries. The acquisition of these hitherto unknown manuscripts was spearheaded by Edgar J. Goodspeed in the first half of the twentieth century in order to support new scholarship in the humanities.

The Vatican Digital Library 
DigiVatLib is a digital library service. It provides free access to the Vatican Library’s digitized collections of manuscripts and incunabula. It allow scholars to compare digital objects from different IIIF repositories of other digital libraries. Selected Manuscripts – a selection of digitized materials from the most significant manuscripts. Latest Digitized Manuscripts – a gallery of the latest 20 digitized codices.

Monasterium Collaborative Archive  
This online portal allows independent research on time and space. With more than 500,000 mediaeval and early-contemporary documents from more than 60 institutions in 10 European countries, research is possible from pure documentary conclusion to the use of available information in the education sector. Monasterium collects those historical documents of Europe, which document the political, economic and cultural development since the Middle Ages and offers free access to the corresponding digital copies.

Lincoln Manuscripts  
The Hay Library’s famed collection of manuscripts authored or signed by Lincoln, now comprises nearly 1,100 pieces. This digital collection of the Brown University Library’s Lincoln manuscripts was created with the assistance of the Abraham Lincoln Papers Project, Daniel W. Stowell, Director. The manuscripts in this digital collection will also appear in the Papers of Abraham Lincoln project.

Rare Book Room  
The “Rare Book Room” site has been constructed as an educational site intended to allow the visitor to examine and read some of the great books of the world. Shakespeare, Benjamin Franklin, Galileo, Copernicus,

The Greek Handwriting Fund Of The Bavarian State Library  
Since the entire stock of Greek manuscripts has been manageable worldwide, and research on the subject of Greek paleography, codicology and filigranology has been a cross-country issue since its beginnings, a complete revision of the Munich fund is a national and international desideratum.

Treasures of Book Illumination  
The oldest manuscript on display dates from the era of the last Bavarian Agilolfing duke. The Carolingian codices from the illumination centres of Salzburg, Tegernsee and Freising bear witness to the high quality of artistry in the 9th century. German illumination under the Saxon emperors from Otto the Great (912-973) to Henry II (973-1024), is one of the most glorious epochs of early occidental illumination, which played a prominent role in the arts at that time. Among the greatest achievements of this Ottonian period are the magnificent depictions of sovereigns. These establish a connection between the secular and the sacred, and underline the sanctity of imperial power.

library of royal manuscripts of the European Middle Ages and the Renaissance  
The aim of Europeana Regia is to compile a European body of digitized manuscripts – all of them impressive testimonies of the spread of texts and art in Europe during the period of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

Western handwritings 
Thucydides: History of the Peloponnesian War, Psalmenhomilien Origen, Psalter of Queen Isabella of England,

The Reichenau manuscripts  
In the 10th and 11th century, the Benedictine abbey Reichenau probably had Europe’s largest and most influential school of book illumination. In its most thriving period between around 970 and 1010/ 20 a series of mostly liturgical manuscripts were crafted there, commissioned by the highest circles of society of that time – prince-bishops, kings and emperors.

Oriental manuscripts  
Eusebius of Caesarea: Tetra Gospel (Cod.armen. 1), Passover Haggadah (Cod.hebr 200), Ottoman paper cut book (Cod.turc. 428), Bible with Masorah (Cod.hebr. 392), Qur’an (Koran) from Sevilla ( 1), Gold Koran ( 1112th)

The oldest Codex manuscript Of The Middle Ages   
Babylonian Talmud (Cod.hebr. 95) , Andalusian Qur’an from Seville ( 1) , Codex Traditionum ecclesiae Rave Natis (Clm 44), Breviarium Alarici (Clm 22501), Codex Valerian (Clm 6224), palimpsest of a Pentateuch (Clm 6225), Freising Manuscripts (Clm 6426), Codex Aureus of St. Emmeram (Clm 14000) , Heliand (Cgm 25), Parzival (Cgm 18 and Cgm 19 )

Handwriting : Most important manuscripts  
Thucydidis historiarum libri VIII, Origen: Homiliae in psalmos, Vergil: Aeneid, Apuleius: Opera philosophica, Collection astronomical komputistischer and scientific texts (excerpts from Pliny. Ä.), Ars geometrica per 34 capitula divisa

The manuscripts of the Bavarian State Library   
The manuscripts of the Bavarian State Library cover a period of five thousand years. The oldest documents are five cuneiform tablets on clay from the twentieth century, from the twentieth to eighteenth centuries before the birth of Christ, which in the majority contain records of the administration (records) and (ab) accounts (signature group of Mon.script.cun. ). These are the donation of King Ludwig I of Bavaria since the early 19th century in the library.

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum   
Latin Roman inscription search from the Catalogue of the Library of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities

Martin Luther: Ermanunge to fride (Cgm 4101)   The majority of the collection of manuscripts of the Bavarian State Library – a good 80 per cent – originates from the modern era, ie from the time around 1525. Among these are autographs of famous theologians and humanists such as Martin Luther (eg Cgm 4101) and Philipp Melanchthon, As part of the collection Camerarius (Collectio Camerariana, Clm 10351 – 10431) have found entrance into the library

Latin Philology of the Middle Ages Mediaeval Latin  
Tradition: Schreiber, manuscripts . History of Latin literature in the Middle Ages Latin poetry Palaeography and Buchwesen

Leibniz Bibliography  
The Leibniz Bibliography is the central research and proofing tool for the literature on Leibniz. By exhaustive it is at the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Library collected and kept. The Leibniz Bibliography offers: Titles of monographs, essays from periodicals and anthologies (congress reports, memoranda, etc.), reviews, more comprehensive articles of the time, and much more

The Annals of Congress of the United States   
The Annals of Congress are a record of the United States Congress from the First Congress in 1789 through the First Session of the Eighteenth Congress in 1824. The Annals are a summary rather than a transcription, compiled after 1834 from newspaper accounts. They are succeeded by the Register of Debates, the Congressional Globe, and the Congressional Record.

Database of Oriental Manuscripts  
The collection, which is managed by the Orient Department, has 43,000 volumes (manuscripts and blockbases) in more than 140 languages ​​and 70 fonts from Asia, Africa and Europe. The collection Weltruhm enjoys both volume and content. For more information about the collection of oriental manuscripts can be found on the website of the Oriental Department and the collection part of the State Library .

Charles Darwin (1809-1882): papers 
The bulk of this collection was formally deposited with Cambridge University Library in 1942; includes correspondence, manuscripts and papers relating to publications; notes on the voyage of HMS Beagle, 1831-1836, and some plant specimens.

Sir Isaac Newton: Papers 
natural philosopher and mathematician, was born on 25 December 1642 in the manor house of Woolsthorpe, near Colsterworth, about 7 miles south of Grantham, Lincolnshire, the only and posthumous son of Isaac Newton (1606–1642), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Hannah (c.1610–1679), daughter of James Ayscough, gentleman, of Market Overton, Rutland.

Database on research projects in Old German  
The database (“DaFA”), supervised by the editorial staff, provides information on planned and ongoing research projects in the media sector. To announce a research project (dissertation, habilitation, other project), please fill out this form and send it off. We then enter the project into the research database within weeks and notify you by e-mail. Reference is to the constantly updated overview of new or recently completed projects .

Western Manuscripts And Early Printed Books  
A selection of western manuscripts and early printed books dating from the thirteenth to seventeenth centuries, from the holdings of Rare Books and Special Collections at the University of British Columbia Library.

Cause Papers in the Diocesan Courts of the Archbishopric of York, 1300-1858   
Welcome to the Cause Papers Database, a searchable catalogue of more than 14,000 cause papers relating to cases heard between 1300 and 1858 in the Church Courts of the diocese of York.

Scriptorium: Medieval and Early Modern Manuscripts Online  
Scriptorium is website devoted to medieval and early modern manuscripts online. It is centred on a collection of digitised manuscripts of commonplace books and miscellanies dating from 1400-1720. As well as high-quality page images, it also offers descriptions, transcriptions, and other supporting resources.

Documents from Medieval and Early Modern England from the National Archives in London 
Documents from Medieval and Early Modern England from the National Archives in London digitized and displayed through The O’Quinn Law Library of the University of Houston Law Center by license of the National Archives sponsored by the University of Houston Law Center and by the University of Houston Department of History

The Europeana Regia project  
this project made it possible to digitise more than 1000 rare and precious manuscripts from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. All of them were once part of three great royal collections that are currently dispersed and which represent European cultural activity at three distinct periods in history: the Bibliotheca Carolina (8th and 9th centuries), the Library of Charles V and Family (14th century) and the Library of the Aragonese Kings of Naples (15th and 16th centuries).

The Virtual Library of medieval manuscripts (BVMM), 
The Virtual Library of medieval manuscripts (BVMM), developed by the Institute for Research and history texts (IRHT-CNRS), provides access to the reproduction of a wide selection of manuscripts from the Middle Ages to the sixteenth century.

Since 2005 e-codices has been digitizing manuscripts from all regions of Switzerland. During the first two years of the project, as a result of a joint pilot project with the Abbey Library of St. Gall, 130 manuscripts from the Abbey Library were published online on the CESG (Codices electronici Sangalleses) website.

Mellon Summer Institutes in Vernacular Paleography   
these summer institutes provide intensive practical training in reading late medieval, Renaissance, and early modern manuscripts in European vernacular hands: English, French, Italian, and Spanish.

List of online resources for early modern English paleography 
These resources were compiled to assist early modern scholars begin to learn to decipher, read, and interpret manuscript materials written in early handwriting.

Sanskrit Manuscripts Project, Cambridge  
The intellectual and religious traditions of South Asia as seen through the Sanskrit manuscript collections of the University Library, Cambridge