Category Archives: Philology

Pre-History Research

Radiocarbon CONTEXT database

Radiocarbon CONTEXT database is a collection of radiocarbon dates from Upper Paleolithic, Epipaleolithic, Pre-Pottery-Neolithic, Pottery Neolithic and Chalcolithic sites in the Near East and neighboring regions (20.000 – 5.000 calBC). In addition, information is provided as to archaeological contexts, site coordinates and bibliographical references.

Louisiana Division of Archaeology Radiocarbon Database

The website offers five basic ways to search the database. You can search records by site number, site name, lab number, LA report number or by specific date (BP) or date range (BP). If you do not know the entire site name or lab number, etc., the search function will operate with a partial field entry. The database can also be searched for a specific date or date range. It is important to remember that all dates entered must be in BP years and that the dates that will be queried are the conventional radiocarbon age (CRA) which will include the +/- year range


Radiocarbon is the main international journal of record for research articles and date lists relevant to 14C and other radioisotopes and techniques used in archaeological, geophysical, oceanographic, and related dating.

Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Language: Deutsch, English Subject Category: Social Sci. + Humanities Subject: Anthropology, Archaeology, Genetics, Linguistics Keyword: Archaeogenetics, Linguistic and Cultural Evolution Scope: Max Planck Society

Department of the Middle East of the British Museum

the Department of the Middle East of the British Museum and the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI), an international research project based at the University of California, Los Angeles, present a database of the inscribed objects in the London collection. In an initial phase of this collaboration funded by a grant from by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Jonathan Taylor and Marieka Arksey digitized the library and archives of Ashurbanipal, King of Assyria. A series of excavations at the mound of Kuyunjik (ancient Nineveh) during the 19th and early 20th centuries discovered 30,000 tablets and fragments (a number reduced by joins and other corrections to a current total of 24,745 in CDLI files). These texts underpin cuneiform studies, and still form a core resource for our understanding of the social and intellectual history of ancient Mesopotamia. Added to BM entries otherwise made by CDLI staff to its core catalogue in the course of our general capture, we now show a total of nearly 72,000 cuneiform artifacts in the Museum’s holdings, of a grand total that may approach 200,000.

Electronic Tools And Acient Near East Archives (ETANA)

ETANA is a multi-institutional collaborative project initiated in August 2000, as an electronic publishing project designed to enhance the study of the history and culture of the ancient Near East. Funded initially by a planning grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, then by a larger digitization grant from the same foundation, the ETANA web portal was launched in 2001. The founding institutions and associations that conceived and implemented this project were: American Oriental Society American Schools of Oriental Research Case Western Reserve University Cobb Institute of Archeology Oriental Institute (University of Chicago) Society of Biblical Literature Vanderbilt University Divinity School Vanderbilt University Library Vanderbilt University Press

The American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR)

The American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization whose mission is to initiate, encourage, and support research into, and public understanding of, the history and cultures of the Near East and wider Mediterranean world, from the earliest times. ASOR is apolitical and has no religious affiliation.

Classical Latin Texts

This website contains essentially all Latin literary texts written before A.D. 200, as well as some texts selected from later antiquity. These texts were previously available on The Packard Humanities Institute’s CD ROM 5.3. You can find a complete listing in the Canon of Latin Authors.

Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project

The CAL is a text base of the Aramaic texts in all dialects from the earliest (9th Century BCE) through the 13th Century CE, currently with a database of approximately 3 million lexically parsed words, and an associated set of electronic tools for analyzing and manipulating the data, whose ultimate goal is the creation of a complete lexicon of the language. IT IS A WORK IN PROGRESS, not a completed dictionary. Accordingly, any citations for scholarly purposes should include the date when the data was found.

The Oriental Institute Research Archives

The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago is an interdisciplinary research center whose goal is to integrate archaeological, textual, and art historical data to understand the development and functioning of the ancient civilizations of the Near East from the earliest Holocene through the Medieval period. We achieve this by conducting archaeological excavations, artifact analyses, the development of new research methodologies, the stewardship of systematic museum collections, philological studies, historical research, and the development of dictionaries of ancient languages.

The World Digital Library (WDL)

The WDL makes it possible to discover, study, and enjoy cultural treasures and significant historical documents on one site, in a variety of ways. Content on the WDL includes books, manuscripts, maps, newspapers, journals, prints and photographs, sound recordings, and films. WDL items can be browsed by place, time, topic, type of item, language, and contributing institution. The search feature can be used to search all of the metadata and descriptions and the full text of printed books on the site.

Cuniform Digital Library Initiative

Since their discovery some 150 years ago cuneiform tablets have been discovered in both controlled and un-controlled excavations, and have been dispersed across the globe. Prior to the 1930’s cuneiform tablets excavated in the Ancient Near East could be easily removed from the countries of origin as objects for study, collection, or sale, adding to the huge numbers of tablets in public and private collections in many countries.

British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan (BMSAES)

The British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan (BMSAES) is a peer-reviewed, academic journal dedicated to presenting research on all aspects of ancient Egypt and Sudan and the representation of these cultures in modern times.

Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia

Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia is the annual journal of the Faculty of Archaeology (formerly the Institute of Prehistory), Leiden University. It was first published in 1964 to present the results of the faculty’s archaeological investigations. As such it has become an important source of information for those interested in Neolithic and Iron Age studies in northwestern Europe.

Ancient Primates

Digital Commons Network Open Access Digital Commons is the leading hosted institutional repository software for universities, colleges, law schools, and research centers.

Prehistory (Propylaeum Database)   
Prehistory and prehistory are concerned primarily with the material background (glass, wood, ceramics, bone, metal, stone artifacts, etc.) of the ancient world, but is not limited to the Greek-Roman cultural space. The interpretation of the finds and their interpretation is based on the history of typology, socio-historical, natural science (dendrochronology, 14C dating, etc.) and statistical methods.

European Prehistoric Art   
806 records of European engraved or painted rocks 2760 pictures, tracings or maps 2865 reference titles 7 countries involved You can navigate it by listing all records, viewing each record or querying the databases of prehistoric art items and related books.

The Egypt Exploration Society   
The Egypt Exploration Society was founded in 1882, as the Egypt Exploration Fund in order to explore, survey, and excavate at ancient sites in Egypt and Sudan, and to publish the results of this work. Today it is one of the leading such archaeological organisations.

The Museum of Fine Arts 
Art of the Ancient World is home to one of the world’s premiere encyclopedic collections of antiquities, featuring more than 85,000 works of art from Egypt, Nubia, the Near East, Greece, Italy, Cyprus, and Anatolia. These works range in date from about 6500 BC to AD 600

The Griffith Institute – University of Oxford 
The Griffith Institute has been at the heart of Egyptology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies at the University of Oxford for seventy-five years. Perhaps the most famous are the records of Howard Carter whose name is synonymous with the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun.

Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology   
The Petrie Museum houses an estimated 80,000 objects, making it one of the greatest collections of Egyptian and Sudanese archaeology in the world. It illustrates life in the Nile Valley from prehistory through the time of the pharaohs, the Ptolemaic, Roman and Coptic periods to the Islamic period.

Eurasian Prehistory  
Eurasian Prehistory Published by Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University.

Bulletin of the International association for paleodontology  
The journal publishes papers and develops discussions on a wide range of research problems, e.g. methodology and methods of bioarchaeological, and anthropological research, including field and laboratory study techniques; information technologies; bioarchaeological reconstruction; human evolution; etc. The journal also publishes results of field investigations conducted by bioarchaeologists, anthropologists, osteologists, and announcements of symposia and professional meetings. It is the goal of this publication to provide authors with an international forum for the presentation of their materials and ideas.

The British Institute for the Study of Iraq (BISI)   
is the UK’s only institution dedicated to advancing research and public education on Iraq in all areas of the arts, humanities and social sciences. For over 80 years, BISI has supported academic excellence and understanding of Iraq: funding projects, publishing vital research, organising conferences and public lectures, and re-training Iraq’s scholars and cultural heritage professionals.

Bioarchaeology of the Near East  
The aim of the journal is to promote research on the history of human populations inhabiting South-Western Asia (chiefly Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, Anatolia, Iran, and Egypt) and on interactions between humans and their environments in this region.

Archaeoastronomy and Ancient Technologies  
AaATec is an international, open access, multidisciplinary scientific journal, publishing peer reviewed studies of ancient technologies. AaATec is a modern platform for discussion of modern achievements in the field of archaeoastronomy, culturology, archeology, anthropology, ethnography, history and philosophy of science.

Ancient Asia   
Ancient Asia is the official continuous publication journal of the Society of South Asian Archaeology (SOSAA). The scope of the Ancient Asia is vast – from the Stone Age to modern times, including archaeology, history, anthropology, art, architecture, numismatics, iconography, ethnography and also various scientific aspects including archaeobotany and archaeozoology, including theoretical and methodological issues.

(ANMED) Anatolia’s Mediterranean Areas.  
ANMED, one of the annual periodicals by Suna & İnan Kıraç Research Institute on Mediterranean Civilisations, has been published bilingual in Turkish and English in Antalya since 2003. It includes annual reports of excavations, surveys, restoration-conservation projects and other archaeological works by scientific missions undertaken in the region identified as Anatolia’s Mediterranean Areas, that is encompassing ancient Lycia, Pamphylia, Cilicia and Pisidia, constitute the scope of ANMED.

The Tanum Museum of Rock Carvings  
Adoranten is an international peer reviewed rock art magazine and has been published annually since 1970. The magazine is published in 26 countries to museums, universities, archaeologists and members of the Scandinavian Society for Prehistoric Art.

Ancient Prehistory Search 
Digital Commons Network Open Access Digital Commons is the leading hosted institutional repository software for universities, colleges, law schools, and research centers.

List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies  
The AWOL Index: The bibliographic data presented herein has been programmatically extracted from the content of AWOL – The Ancient World Online (ISSN 2156-2253) and formatted in accordance with a structured data model.

Antiquity is a peer-reviewed journal of world archaeology. Founded by O.G.S. Crawford in 1927, the journal reports new archaeological research, method and issues of international significance in plain language to a broad academic and professional readership. The journal is published six times a year in February, April, June, August, October and December.

History In Dispute   
History in Dispute addresses heavily debated questions by offering users different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe.

American Oriental Society   
“The American Oriental Society is the oldest learned society in the United States devoted to a particular field of scholarship. The Society was founded in 1842, preceded only by such distinguished organizations of general scope as the American Philosophical Society (1743), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1780), and the American Antiquarian Society (1812). From the beginning its aims have been humanistic. The encouragement of basic research in the languages and literatures of Asia has always been central in its tradition. This tradition has come to include such subjects as philology, literary criticism, textual criticism, paleography, epigraphy, linguistics, biography, archaeology, and the history of the intellectual and imaginative aspects of Oriental civilizations, especially of philosophy, religion, folklore and art. The scope of the Society””s purpose is not limited by temporal boundaries: All sincere students of man and his works in Asia, at whatever period of history are welcomed to membership.”

Cuniform Digital Library Initiative  
Since their discovery some 150 years ago cuneiform tablets have been discovered in both controlled and un-controlled excavations, and have been dispersed across the globe. Prior to the 1930’s cuneiform tablets excavated in the Ancient Near East could be easily removed from the countries of origin as objects for study, collection, or sale, adding to the huge numbers of tablets in public and private collections in many countries.

Database of Neo-Sumerian Texts (BDTNS)  
The Database of Neo-Sumerian Texts (or BDTNS, its acronym in Spanish) is a searchable electronic corpus of Neo-Sumerian administrative cuneiform tablets dated to the 21st century B.C. During this period, the kings of the Third Dynasty of Ur built an empire in Mesopotamia managed by a complex bureaucracy that produced an unprecedented volume of written documentation. It is estimated that museums and private collections all over the world hold at least 120,000 cuneiform tablets from this period, to which should be added an indeterminate number of documents kept in the Iraq Museum.

The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (ETCSL)  
The literature written in Sumerian is the oldest human poetry that can be read, dating from approximately 2500 BCE onwards. It includes narrative poetry, praise poetry, hymns, laments, prayers, songs, fables, didactic poems, debate poems and proverbs. The majority of this has been reconstructed during the past fifty years from thousands of often fragmentary clay tablets inscribed in cuneiform writing.

Horn Museum Cuneiform Collection   
the Institute of Archaeology of Andrews Universty and the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI), an international research project based at the University of California, Los Angeles, present a database of the 2940 inscribed objects in the Siegried H. Horn Museum collection. The cuneiform tablets here were digitized, using either originals in Berrien Springs, Michigan, or copies published by Marcel Sigrist, following the standard conventions of the CDLI. The full catalog of the collection, including transliterations and translations of the texts, and word and sign glossaries is currently under construction.

An Analytic Bibliography Of Latin Texts   
an analytic bibliography of Latin texts written during the Renaissance and later are freely available to the general public on the Web (texts posted in access-restricted sites, and Web sites offering electronic texts and digitized photograpic reproductions for sale are not included).

Research Activities of the Oriental Institute   
The Oriental Institute sponsors both archaeological and text-based research projects. Text-based research at the Oriental Institute centers on three key lexicographic projects: the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary (CAD), the Chicago Demotic Dictionary, and the Chicago Hittite Dictionary (CHD). A second key project of text–oriented research is the Epigraphic Survey, focused on recording key monuments in ancient Thebes/Luxor in Egypt

American Journal of Philology  
Founded in 1880 by Basil Lanneau Gildersleeve, American Journal of Philology (AJP) has helped to shape American classical scholarship. Today, the Journal has achieved worldwide recognition as a forum for international exchange among classicists and philologists by publishing original research in classical literature, philology, linguistics, history, society, religion, philosophy, and cultural and material studies. Book review sections are featured in every issue. AJP is open to a wide variety of contemporary and interdisciplinary approaches, including literary interpretation and theory, historical investigation, and textual criticism.

Journal of Cuneiform Studies 
the Journal of Cuneiform Studies (JCS) presents technical and general articles on the history and languages of the ancient Mesopotamian and Anatolian literate cultures. Articles appear in English, French, and German. Published once a year; circa 144 pages per issue.

CAMEO: Conservation & Art Materials Encyclopedia Online   
The MATERIALS database contains chemical, physical, visual, and analytical information on over 10,000 historic and contemporary materials used in the production and conservation of artistic, architectural, archaeological, and anthropological materials.

Bibliography of Dendrochronology   
The Bibliography of Dendrochronology is a free searchable archive of printed documents relevant to tree-ring research worldwide. It was compiled and is updated yearly by Henri D. Grissino-Mayer. It currently contains 14,341 references dating back to 1737.

Auxiliary Sciences in Archaeology   
Auxiliary sciences in archaeology, preservation of relicts and environmental engineering.

How Carbon-14 Dating Works   
Examines the methods by which scientists uses radioactivity to determine the age of object.

Radiocarbon WEB-info   
Resource provides information concerning the radiocarbon dating method, publications, applications, and calculations.

Informath   –
Contains peer-reviewed publications, short tutorials, and links.

Carbon clock could show the wrong time   
Discusses carbon dating and cycles, galactic and solar cosmic rays, and fundamental changes.

CalPal Radiocarbon Calibration   
Quick reference contains program that detail results, graphical output and different 14C calibration methods.

Cologne Radiocarbon Calibration & Paleoclimate Research Package – a tool for radiocarbon calibration.