Category Archives: References

Reference & Statistics

The Institute of Education Sciences (IES) Bibliography Search Tool

The Bibliography Search Tool allows you to search for individual citations from journal articles that have been published using data from most research programs conducted by NCES. The bibliography is updated continually and includes citations from 1973 to present. The list of citations was derived from computer searches of online bibliographic databases (i.e., EBSCO, JSTOR, EconLit, Dissertation Abstracts), ERIC, as well as the NCES website.

Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), 1945-80 (US Department of State)

The Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series presents the official documentary historical record of major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant diplomatic activity. Search within the volumes, or browse them by administration; see also a list of all pre-Truman volumes.

CIA World Factbook

Central Intelligence Agency’s database: information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for countries, territories, and dependencies.

American President: A Reference Resource

Information on presidents and first ladies, biographies of each cabinet member, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration. Audio and video since Kennedy is also available.

Digest of Education Statistics

A compilation of American education statistics. Information includes number of schools, number of teachers, enrollment rates, finance information and a host of other tables and charts

National Center for Education Statistics  
“NCES is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data that are related to education in the United States and other nations.” Look here for statistical information on all levels of education. The site includes an encyclopedia of education statistics, an FAQ, activities for children, and a catalog of NCES publications.

Economic Indicators   
Compilations of economic indicators for the United States. Includes such indicators as Gross Domestic Project, employment and wage statistics, productivity measures, prices, money and security markets. Also includes some international economic statistics. Indicators are available monthly from 1995 to the present. Searchable.

National Agricultural Statistics Service   
Database from the National Agriculture Statistics Service that allows users to search for US, state, county and territory data on crops, livestock, and farms by census years.

Uniform Crime Reports  
“The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. Several annual statistical publications, such as the comprehensive Crime in the United States , are produced from …

Economic Report of the President   
“The Economic Report of the President is an annual report written by the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers. It overviews the nation’s economic progress using text and extensive data appendices.”

Immigration Statistics   
Statistical and other information about: illegal immigrants, refugees, asylees, tourists, H-1B workers, naturalization, immigration enforcement, immigrant population estimate.

The Office of Immigration Statistics- Published Reports   
The Office of Immigration Statistics publishes statistical information about “foreign nationals who enter or attempt to enter the United States for temporary or permanent residence through a variety of status categories, as well as subsequent actions such as apprehension, removal, or naturalization.” The published reports are arranged by subject

Statistics of Income   
Describes the Internal Revenue Services (IRS) Statistics of Income (SOI) program. Covers SOI careers, products and services, studies, FedStats, and other information.

Transportation Reports from the Economic Census   
Statistics from the Economic Census, including transportation and warehousing, commodity flow, and vehicle inventory and use.

Forum on Aging-Related Statistics  
Collection of statistics on aging from a variety of government agencies

Reference Reviews Europe Online   
Each year Reference Reviews Europe features more than 200 English-language reviews of European reference works. The RRE is published in two forms: the web-accessible Reference Reviews Europe Online (RREO) and the printed Reference Reviews Europe Annual (RREA). The majority of the titles reviewed are in the form of English-language abstracts of reviews from the German online journal Informationsmittel: IFB (IFB) [previous title Informationsmittel für Bibliotheken],

Crossref’s general purpose is to promote the development and cooperative use of new and innovative technologies to speed and facilitate scholarly research. Crossref’s specific mandate is to be the citation linking backbone for all scholarly information in electronic form. Crossref is a collaborative reference linking service that functions as a sort of digital switchboard. It holds no full text content, but rather effects linkages through Crossref Digital Object Identifiers (Crossref DOI), which are tagged to article metadata supplied by the participating publishers. The end result is an efficient, scalable linking system through which a researcher can click on a reference citation in a journal and access the cited article.

Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics   
The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature.

County and City Data Books   
U.S. Census Bureau publication that offers a wide range of topical data to search, including statistics on crime, education, employment, income, population, and poverty–to name just a few.

HRSA Geospatial Data Warehouse  
Provides data and data manipulation and mapping tools regarding health and human services issues. Includes data on HRSA activities in the areas of grants, health care sites, health professional shortages, NHSC services providers, and other areas. Also provides tools for finding health centers and job opportunities.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Statistics   
Resource where a user can search for substance abuse and mental health statistics by topic, trends, or services that are available. National and state-level data is available.

Bureau of Justice Statistics   
Searchable collection of US Bureau of Justice Statistics publications, dealing with such topics as crime, drugs, violence, law enforcement, firearms, and criminal record systems.

Bureau of Economic Analysis  
“The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency of the Department of Commerce. Along with the Census Bureau and STAT-USA, BEA is part of the Department’s Economics and Statistics Administration. <p> The mission of BEA is to produce and disseminate accurate, timely, relevant, and cost-effective economic accounts statistics that provide governmen …

Census Bureau Economic Information   
“Highlights from the latest U.S. Economic Indicators, Agriculture, Manufacturing and Construction, County and City Data Book, County Business Patterns, Statistics of U.S. Businesses, Current Industrial Reports, Economic Data Programs Overview, Economic Census and Surveys, Governments, Income and Poverty, International trade, Research, Statistical A …

Bureau of Labor Statistics Data   
United States Federal Government “fact-finding agency” covering the fields of labor economics and statistics. Reports on employment and unemployment, inflation and prices, pay and benefits, productivity and technology, spending and time management, etc. The site also provides tools for analyzing or viewing data.

Oxford Research Encyclopedias

Oxford University Press is embarking on its most ambitious reference project in decades. Through the Oxford Research Encyclopedia (ORE) program, OUP is building a series of highly discoverable, peer-reviewed, online encyclopedias with essays planned, written, and reviewed by the world’s leading scholars and scientists. The OREs will provide hundreds of in-depth articles on core topics in all of the major disciplines. The sites will be continuously updated with new articles and revisions to existing ones. The ORE project will combine the ease of access and speed of digital publishing with the standards of academic publishing

Encyclopedia Mythica

The mythology section is divided to six geographical regions: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, Middle East, and Oceania. Each region has many clearly defined subdivisions that will ease your search. The Folklore section contains general folklore, Arthurian legends, and fascinating folktales from many lands.

Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)

The Encyclopedia of Life is a collaborative effort to gather and share descriptions of all living things. Content includes photos and videos, bibliographic links, distribution maps, and taxonomies of animals, plants, and microorganisms.

Encyclopedia of Science Fiction

This is the third edition of the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and is a work still in progress. (We also have the 2nd edition in print.) It provides full-text reference articles in HTML on all aspects of science fiction: authors, artists/illustrators, awards, comics, films and television and radio programs, themes, terminology, publications, fans and fanzines, characters, games, and music.

Encyclopedia Virginia from the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities  
Encyclopedia Virginia is a reference work about the Commonwealth; it aggregates in a single resource information on Virginia history, business, politics, and geography, plus the state’s proud heritage in the arts, religion, culture, and folklife. As the Encyclopedia grows, it will also explore areas of science, medicine, education, and technology. The first phase of Encyclopedia Virginia focuses on topics related to Virginia literature, Civil War history, and twentieth century history.

Bibliography of Literary Periodicals in Flanders and the Netherlands

Covers the contents of the most important Dutch and Flemish literature magazines (collection period 2001 to present, partly before 2001), created by the Royal Library, The Hague, in collaboration with the Nederlandse Taalunie.

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography​

The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography is the national record of men and women who have shaped British history and culture, worldwide, from the Romans to the 21st century. The Dictionary offers concise, up-to-date biographies written by named, specialist authors. It is overseen by academic editors at Oxford University, UK, and published by Oxford University Press. The ODNB’s General Editor is Professor Sir David Cannadine.

A APA, Chicago, and MLA Citation: KnightCite

KnightCite is an online citation generator service provided by the Hekman Library of Calvin College. This service simplifies the often tedious task of compiling an accurate bibliography in the appropriate style by formatting the given data on a source into a reliable citation, eliminating the need to memorize minute details of style for multiple kinds of sources

Swiss literature Biographical information  
Swiss literature: Authors ‘and authors’ lexicon Biographical information on authors of biographies with works catalogs.

The British National Bibliography (BNB)  
The British National Bibliography (BNB) lists the books and new journal titles published or distributed in the United Kingdom and Ireland since 1950. It also lists forthcoming book titles and hand-held electronic publications e.g. CD-ROMs, deposited with the Legal Deposit Office since 2003.

The Sloane Printed Books catalogue   
The Sloane Printed Books catalogue lists books which belonged to Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753). Bibliographical records are enhanced with Sloane’s own numbers or other identifying marks, and with information about previous owners. A number of records include information on the physical state and condition of the items.

Bibliography of the History of Art from Getty   
Includes two databases: BHA (Bibliography on the History of Art) and RILA (Répertoire de la litterature de l’art). This database indexes citations from journal articles, books, conference papers, exhibition catalogs, and exhibition reviews. 1975-2007.

German Biography (ADB / NDB)

The ADB (55 volumes and a register, 1873-1912) and the NDB (25 volumes, since 1953) are first-class information tools for persons who were outstandingly effective in the German-speaking world as historical-biographical lexicons. From the Middle Ages to the present, all areas of public, scientific, economic and cultural life are taken into account. In this register, the individual registers of all the volumes published so far of the NDB and the general register of the ADB are cumulated and supplemented with additional information from the articles. The database includes not only the persons who are dedicated to the NDB or the ADB, but also the names mentioned in the genealogies as well as in the individual and family articles.

The Library of Congress (Biography, History of Science)

Bibliographies & Research Guides Listed by Subject Scientist at Pasteur Institute, doing penicillin research. Prints & Photographs Collection, Library of Congress. Each of the following categories lists relevant subject guides produced by the Science Reference Section of the Library of Congress.

Oxford Online reference   
Bringing together 2 million digitized entries across Oxford University Press’s Dictionaries, Companions and Encyclopedias, Oxford Reference is the premier online reference product, spanning 25 different subject areas.

ADB/NDB Deutsche Biographie  
As historical and biographical dictionaries, the ADB (55 volumes and a register, 1875-1912) and the NDB (23 volumes, since 1953) first-level information resources to approximately 90,000 people, which were effective in an outstanding way in the German-speaking countries. From the Middle Ages to the present all areas of public, scientific, economic and cultural life are taken into account.

Dizionario biografico degli italiani (1960- ) 
The Historical Archives of the Institute of the Italian Encyclopedia was established in 1986 with the institutional purpose is to preserve, reconstruct and enhance the Institute’s documentation and to prepare the continuity and consistency of acquisitions.

The Dictionary of Ulster Biography   
The Dictionary is about people associated with the historic nine counties of Ulster and includes those who were born here, or lived or worked here and who have distinguished themselves in some way. Many of them will be included in other biographical dictionaries. The aim where possible is to describe their lives and achievements from a local perspective.

The Encyclopedia of New Zealand  
The Encyclopedia of New Zealand offers many pathways to understanding New Zealand. It is a comprehensive guide to the country’s peoples, natural environment, history, culture, economy, institutions and society.

Voices of Science (British Library/National Life Stories)  
VOICES OF SCIENCE tells the stories of some of the most remarkable scientific and engineering discoveries of the past century using oral history interviews with prominent British scientists and engineers. – See more at:

The Biography Portal   
The “Biography Portal” is based on a cooperation between the Bavarian State Library, the Historical Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Foundation for Historical Lexicon of Switzerland.

Australian Dictionary of Biography  
The Australian Dictionary of Biography is Australia’s pre-eminent dictionary of national biography. In it you will find concise, informative and fascinating descriptions of the lives of significant and representative persons in Australian history.

The Deutsche Biographie   
structured lexical expertise with information on more than 130,000 personalities in German cultural area. At the present time it includes digital full texts of more than 48,000 historical-biographical articles of the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB, 56 volumes, 1875-1912) and the Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB, online 24 volumes since 1953, Aachen to Stader) (Including the bibliographic resources of the Bavarian State Library, the Bavarian Association Catalog and the German National Library) as well as objects, works and portraits or their proofs.

World Biographical Information System (WBIS) 
WBIS Online is the most comprehensive biographical database available, providing short biographical information on over 6 Million people from the 8th century B.C. to the present. Included are 8.5 Million digital facsimile articles from biographical reference works. Access to digitized articles is subscription based.

Latin Dictionary

Perseus maintains a web site that showcases collections and services developed as a part of our research efforts over the years. The code for the digital library system and many of the collections that we have developed are now available.

Merriam Webster Visual Dictionary

When you know what something looks like but not what it’s called, or when you know the word but can’t picture the object, a visual dictionary is a quick solution. In a quick look, you can match the word to the image. In Merriam Webster’s version, the image realistically and precisely shows an object, a process or a phenomenon, and the most significant details of its composition. It serves as a visual definition for each of the terms presented. Includes over 6000 images and 20,000 definitions

Comprehensive Persian-English dictionary  
Persian-English dictionary; Based on the 1892 published dictionary: Steingass, Francis Joseph. A Comprehensive Persian-English dictionary, including the Arabic words and phrases. London, Routledge & K. Paul, 1892

BEOLINGUS – Your Online Dictionary  
Search through more than three million translations with examples and hints, explanations, synonyms, sayings, aphorisms, and quotations in English and German. Browse lists for special topics. Listen to German and English pronunciations spoken by native speakers.

The Anglo-Norman Dictionary   
: it contains entries on the letters AF from the revised second edition, the entries on GZ are on the state of the first edition. The dictionary is continually updated. 22,000 entries 120,000 citations are Searchable quotations, main entries and English translations. In addition to the dictionary there is a growing corpus of Anglonorman texts, a current bibliography and a detailed documentation on the website and the materials contained.

Dictionary of Art Historians  
A biographical and methodological database intended as a beginning point to learning the background of major art historians of western art history. A free, copyrighted, scholarly database for the use of researchers, students and the public.

Thesaurus Linguae Sericae  
An Historical and Comparative Encyclopaedia of Chinese Conceptual Schemes. TLS is a dictionary of classical Chinese that organizes the Chinese vocabulary systematically in taxonomic (“is a kind of”) and a mereonomic (“part of”) hierarchies.

Oxford English Dictionary Online   
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is widely regarded as the accepted authority on the English language. It is an unsurpassed guide to the meaning, history, and pronunciation of 600,000 words— past and present—from across the English-speaking world.

Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism  
The Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism is an attempt to provide a snapshot of British and Irish journalism in the nineteenth century, and a gateway to the period. Print journalism both shaped and reflected the complexities of its time, as the internet does now. The Dictionary takes its place beside distinguished predecessors and contemporaries, most notably the Waterloo Directory of English Newspapers and Periodicals 1800-1900 which is the most inclusive of its kind, and the more selective but invaluable British Literary Magazines and the Wellesley Index of Victorian Periodicals. The scope and remit of DNCJ lies somewhere between these landmarks. It is a one-volume, rapid reference work.

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)   
The Grove Dictionary of American Music, second edition is the largest, most comprehensive reference publication on American Music. Twenty-five years ago, the four volumes of the first edition of the dictionary initiated a great expansion in American music scholarship. This second edition reflects the growth in scholarship the first edition initiated. At eight volumes, it provides greatly expanded coverage, particularly in the areas of popular music, cities and regions, musical theater, opera, concert music, and music technology, as well as the musical traditions of many ethnic and cultural groups.

Middle English Compendium   
Dictionary, bibliography, and texts in Middle English

Law Dictionary   
This site allows individuals to search for definitions of a variety of legal terms. A search may be conducted by use of a term, definition, and by browsing the alphabetical list of terms.

Nolo’s Legal Dictionary  
Nolo’s Legal Glossary offers definitions for more than one thousand legal terms in plain English. The site is updated regularly with new words added each month. Terms can be accessed by by topic, keyword search, or alphabetical browsing.