Category Archives: Classical Literature

Classical Literature

Catalog of Classical Archeology / Heidelberg University Library

The catalog contains information on the complete archaeological literature acquired by UB Heidelberg. The entire relevant subject literature (including non-book media) is collected on Classical (Greek-Roman) archeology. These include the predecessors of classical antiquity, such as the Minoan and Mycenaean culture, but also the Etruscan and provincial Roman archeology. In addition, the general and theoretical literature on archeology (history of the subject, theories, methods, work techniques, etc.) is collected. The main focus of classical archeology at UB Heidelberg is part of the program of supra – regional literature supply in the Federal Republic of Germany, which is funded and funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG).

Theoi Ancient Mythology Database

Comprehensive database of ancient mythology, especially its representation in literature and art. The database covers the entire Greek-Roman mythology and offers extensive information on biography, sources, literary and pictorial representations of all ancient mythological figures.

Folia Electronica Classica ( FEC )

Topics related to antiquity as well as original articles on work already published elsewhere, written in French and likely to interest an audience quite varied (specialists, school teachers or university students, educated users ). Regarding the form of text, nothing is excluded a priori,

Bibliotheca Classica Selecta

Section (BCS-TRA) of the Bibliotheca Classica Selecta (BCS) offers original French translations, sometimes annotated, sometimes commented, of Latin or Greek works. Usually these translations are included in the project Hypertext Leuven [Section Latin and section Greek ] which allows a reading of the work with the old text and the French translation look, while allowing further, book by book or treaty by treaty , multiple lexicographical research and statistics. In some texts, the project Corpora [Section Latin and section Greek ] authorizes this research on all the works, and not on isolated books.

British Library Classics Collections

Classics is the study of Graeco-Roman antiquity, from the middle of the 2nd millennium BC to the end of the 6th century AD, from the height of the Aegean Bronze Age down to late antiquity. It includes the study of the history, literature, languages, religion, philosophy, art, and culture of the Greek and Roman world during this period. – See more at:

Perseus Collection Greek and Roman Materials

Our flagship collection, under development since 1987, covers the history, literature and culture of the Greco-Roman world. We are applying what we have learned from Classics to other subjects within the humanities and beyond. We have studied many problems over the past two decades, but our current research centers on personalization: organizing what you see to meet your needs.

The Perseus Catalog

The Perseus Catalog was conceived in 2005 as a way to integrate two complementary kinds of resources, bibliographies of authors and editions produced by and for classicists and metadata about Greek and Latin authors in more general library systems. The goal was to create a catalog that would provide coverage of Greek, Latin, and ultimately other literatures in a way that was suitable to a digital age.


Logeion (literally, a place for words; in particular, a speaker’s platform, or an archive) was developed after the example of, to provide simultaneous lookup of entries in the many reference works that make up the Perseus Classical collection. As always, we are grateful for the Perseus Project’s generosity in sharing their data. None of this would be possible without their commitment to open access. To improve the chronological range for which the dictionaries are useful, we have added DuCange (see further updates below!), and to enhance this site as both a research and a pedagogical tool, we add information based on corpus data in the right side bar, as well as references to chapters in standard textbooks. More such ‘widgets’ will be added over time, along with, we hope, still more dictionaries.

The Online Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek-English Lexicon

Liddell-Scott-Jones (LSJ), the premier lexicon for classical Greek. The TLG version represents five years of intensive work to produce a fully edited and searchable version of LSJ with links to the TLG corpus.

The Library of Congress : African and Middle Eastern Division (AMED)

The African and Middle Eastern Division (AMED) was created in 1978 as part of a general Library of Congress reorganization. At that time, three disparate administrative units–the Near East Section, the African Section, and the Hebraic Section–were combined. Together they cover some seventy countries and regions from Southern Africa to the Maghreb and from the Middle East to Central Asia. The division coordinates and directs the component sections. Each section plays a vital role in the Library’s acquisitions program; offers expert reference and bibliographic services to Congress and researchers in this country and abroad; develops projects, special events, and publications; and cooperates and participates with other institutions and scholarly and professional associations in the United States and around the world.

The Library of Congress: African and Middle Eastern Division (AMED)

The African & Middle Eastern Reading Room is the primary public access point for materials housed in the the African and Middle Eastern Division (AMED) which include a variety of vernacular scripts, such as Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Georgian, Hebrew, Persian, Turkish, and Yiddish. Covering 77 countries from Morocco to Southern Africa to the Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union, the division’s three sections–African, Hebraic, and Near East-

Oriental Institute Publications The University of Chicago

James Henry Breasted, founder of the Oriental Institute, encouraged the publication of both scientific and popular reports on the results of the Institute’s research and activities in the Near East. Ancient language dictionaries, text editions, archaeological reports, and related Near Eastern studies are well represented in the more than 700 published reports since the early twentieth century

The Orientalia OPAC : South West German Library Association (SWB)

The Orientalia OPAC of the SWB maps Orientalia from libraries of the region, as far as these are recorded in the federation database of the South West German Library Association (SWB). Included are foreign-language materials in the languages ​​of Asia and North Africa (Islamic Africa), materials about this language area are also integrated in other languages ​​(eg German, French).

Ancient Babilonian Research: South West German Library Association (SWB)   
The Library Service Center Baden-Württemberg (BSZ) is a service provider for scientific and public libraries, archives and museums and offers databases, portals, support, hosting and other services. The BSZ is an institution in the business area of ​​the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts of Baden-Württemberg in the legal form of a dependent institution under public law, based in Constance

Cuneiform Research : South West German Library Association (SWB)  
The Library Service Center Baden-Württemberg (BSZ) is a service provider for scientific and public libraries, archives and museums and offers databases, portals, support, hosting and other services. The BSZ is an institution in the business area of ​​the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts of Baden-Württemberg in the legal form of a dependent institution under public law, based in Constance

University of Chicago. Oriental Institute OPAC : South West German Library Association (SWB)   
The Library Service Center Baden-Württemberg (BSZ) is a service provider for scientific and public libraries, archives and museums and offers databases, portals, support, hosting and other services. The BSZ is an institution in the business area of ​​the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts of Baden-Württemberg in the legal form of a dependent institution under public law, based in Constance

A College Curriculum in Literature Oriental Literature By Gerhard Richard Lomer (1882–1970)  
THIS course introduces the student to the ancient literatures of Egypt, Babylon, and Assyria. It is interesting partly from its antiquity and partly because it throws light on the literature of the Hebrews. The student will find many of the forms used to-day represented in this old literature, and much that is sublime and beautiful. For the student of comparative literature or of religion this course is of particular interest.

The National Library of Medicine Western manuscripts Collections   
The National Library of Medicine has in its collection 90 Western manuscripts written before 1601. Cataloging information for these manuscripts is fragmented and in some cases unavailable to the scholarly community. The following short-title list is intended as a means of providing access to these manuscripts until they are added to NLM’s online catalog,

The Society for Classical Studies (SCS)  
The Society for Classical Studies (SCS), founded as the American Philological Association in 1869 by “professors, friends, and patrons of linguistic science,” is the principal learned society in North America for the study of ancient Greek and Roman languages, literatures, and civilizations. – See more at:

The Chicago Homer   
The Chicago Homer is a multilingual database that uses the search and display capabilities of electronic texts to make the distinctive features of Early Greek epic accessible to readers with and without Greek. Except for fragments, it contains all the texts of these poems in the original Greek. In addition, the Chicago Homer includes English and German translations, in particular Lattimore’s Iliad, James Huddleston’s Odyssey, Daryl Hine’s translations of Hesiod and the Homeric Hymns, and the German translations of the Iliad and Odyssey by Johan Heinrich Voss.

Cefael: collections de l’École française d’Athènes en ligne  
Cefael puts on line the Hellenic Correspondence Bulletin, and the whole of the monographs, thus offering the public the opportunity to consult a whole of about 250.000 pages, which is expected to evolve.

The School of Advanced Study at the University of London  
The School of Advanced Study at the University of London Database search results in Classics Studies. The School brings together the specialised scholarship and resources of ten prestigious postgraduate research Institutes to offer academic opportunities across and between a wide range of subject fields in the humanities and social sciences.

The Internet Classics Archive (MIT) 
the Internet Classics Archive came from the Eric Project at Virginia Tech. The second set of works, roughly the same size as the first, came from the Perseus Project.

The Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum (‘Corpus of Ancient Vases’)   
is the oldest research project of the Union Académique Internationale. It consists of a series of high-quality catalogues of mostly ancient Greek painted pottery in collections around the world. The first fascicule appeared in 1922 and since then almost 400 have appeared, illustrating more than 100,000 vases in 24 countries.
Digital Persian Archive 
The Database includes “public” and “private” documents: royal decrees and orders, official correspondence, and shari’a court documents, such as contracts of sale and lease, vaqf deeds, marriage contracts, and court orders. It also serves as a bibliographic reference tool, being a continually updated repertoire of published historical documents.

British Library : Middle East Collection   
Manuscripts, printed books, newspapers and journals from the Middle East, Iran and Central Asia. Our Middle East collections comprise manuscripts, printed books, newspapers and journals from countries in today’s Middle East as well as from Iran and Central Asia from the 5th century AD to the present day. – See more at:

Manuscript Catalogs at the University of Michigan  
A guide to print and digital resources for the study of the Near East from all time periods in native and western languages, including indexes, full text journal articles, electronic books, and other internet resources

The Encyclopædia Iranica   
The Encyclopædia Iranica is a comprehensive research tool dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.

Oxbow Books : The Oriental Institute  
The Oriental Institute is a museum and research organization devoted to the study of the ancient Near East. Founded in 1919 by James Henry Breasted, the Institute, a part of the University of Chicago, is an internationally recognized pioneer in the archaeology, philology, and history of early Near Eastern civilizations.

Ancient Near East and the Mediterranean World   
This digital project focuses on materials published between 1850 – 1950, drawn from two of the Library’s complimentary collections, the Ancient Near East and Classics Collections. Preserved materials relate to the study of the ancient Near East and cover such topics as the archaeology, art, history, language, law, and religions of Sumer, Babylonia, Assyria, Egypt, Nubia, Persia, and other ancient peoples of Anatolia and the Fertile Crescent.

The Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae   
The Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae is a publication platform made available on the Internet by the Project Structure and Transformation in the Vocabulary of the Egyptian Language (former Ancient Egyptian Dictionary Project) at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Within the Thesaurus, a digital corpus of Egyptian (including Demotic) texts have been released to the public for computer-assisted search.

The DFG-funded Sonderammelgebiet Vorderer Orient including North Africa (Oriental Studies) collects Internet sources in the database ALMISBAH

Database of the Historical Dictionary of the Hebrew Language from the 2nd Century BCE to the 11th Century CE  
Full-text database of Hebrew-language literature from the 2nd century BC to the 11th century AD (Old and Middle Hebrew). Contained are over 4,300 source texts with a total circumference of approximately 9 million words. The corpus forms the basis of the “Historical Dictionary Project (HDP)” of the “Academy of the Hebrew Language”.

Neo-Babylonian Research: South West German Library Association (SWB)   
The Library Service Center Baden-Württemberg (BSZ) is a service provider for scientific and public libraries, archives and museums and offers databases, portals, support, hosting and other services. The BSZ is an institution in the business area of ​​the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts of Baden-Württemberg in the legal form of a dependent institution under public law, based in Constance
Marcadé-Donnay Database of Classical Sculptors’ Signatures   
This database is derived from the renowned French archaeologist, Jean Marcadé’s, corpus of Greek ‘signatures’ on ancient sculptures: Recueil des signatures de sculpteurs grecs (Paris: De Boccard, 1953-1957). The digitized version was updated by Professor Guy Donnay of the Université Libre de Bruxelles and includes nearly 2,800 records.

Classical Art Research Center and The Beazley Archive  
The Classical Art Research Centre leads and supports research on ancient art. At its heart is the Beazley Archive, which includes the world’s largest collection of images of ancient figure-decorated pottery.

Gnomon Bibliographic database  
Bibliographical references from the Gnomon review organism and other sources (journals, anthologies) on Classical Philology, Ancient History and Archeology; Monographs, periodicals, contributions from anthologies, reviews. The database is freely available with its complete inventory and is updated monthly.

British Library : Classical Latin manuscripts  
Many of these manuscripts are important for the reconstruction of the text of specific works; others are lavishly illuminated or equipped with marginalia, providing an insight into the medieval and Renaissance reception of classical antiquity. – See more at:

Greek and Latin Morphology Texts   
The Perseus Project at Tufts University is the foremost Digital Library for the classical world, if not for the Humanities in general. In its collection of Greek and Roman materials, readers will find many of the canonical texts read today. The Greek collection approaches 8 million words and the Latin collection currently has 5.5 million. In addition, many English language dictionaries, other reference works, translations, and commentaries are included, so that anyone with an internet connection has access to the equivalent of a respectable College Classics library.

AMBROSIA – AMerican BRitish Online Search In Athens  
AMBROSIA (AMERICAN BRITISH ONLINE Search in Athens) is the basis of the Blegen and Gennadius libraries of the American School of Classical Studies in Athens and the libraries of the British School in Athens.

Born in 495 B.C. about a mile northwest of Athens, Sophocles was to become one of the great playwrights of the golden age. The son of a wealthy merchant, he would enjoy all the comforts of a thriving Greek empire. He studied all of the arts. By the age of sixteen,

Born about 480 B.C., somewhere in the vicinity of Athens, Euripides, the son of Mnesarchides, was destined from the beginning to be a misunderstood poet. He presented his first set of tragedies at the Great Dionysia in 455 B.C., but did not win his first victory until 441. In fact, he won only five awards–and the fifth of these was not awarded until after his death.

Of all the writers of “Old Comedy”, only one remains. Lost forever are the works of Chionides, Magnes, Ecphantides, Cratinus, Crates, and Eupolis. All the extant comedies of the fifth century B.C. belong to one man–Aristophanes. On his shoulders alone rests the reputation of an entire age of comedy. Fortunately, by most accounts Aristophanes was the greatest comic writer of his day.

The “Father of Tragedy,” Aeschylus was born in 525 B.C. in the city of Eleusis. Immersed early in the mystic rites of the city and in the worship of the Mother and Earth goddess Demeter, he was once sent as a child to watch grapes ripening in the countryside. According to Aeschylus, when he dozed off, Dionysus appeared to him in a dream and ordered him to write tragedies. The obedient young Aeschylus began a tragedy the next morning and “succeeded very easily.”

A College Curriculum in Literature Greek Literature By Gerhard Richard Lomer (1882–1970)   
This course offers the student an opportunity to become acquainted with the scope and variety of Greek literature. It is intended for beginners or for those who wish only a general idea of the greater writers of Greece, exclusive of the dramatists. For more detailed study the special courses that follow this will be found useful.