Ancient Oriental Studies

The Northwest Semitic Inscription Archive (NSIA)

The Northwest Semitic Inscription Archive (NSIA) has been designed to allow scholars and students access to inscriptions from the Fallowing list. Ammonite, Aramaic, Edomite, Hebrew, Moabite, Nabatean, Philistine, Phoenician, Proto-Canaanite, Proto-Sinaitic, and Punic Inscriptions. The database is continuously updated to include recently published inscriptions. The text of each inscription may be viewed in Aramaic Block Script available at this site.

The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL)

The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL) is an initiative of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University . AWDL will identify, collect, curate, and provide access to the broadest possible range of scholarly materials relevant to the study of the ancient world. AWDL has two primary tracks:

The Taylor-Schechter Cairo Genizah Collection at Cambridge University

The Taylor-Schechter Cairo Genizah Collection at Cambridge University Library is the world’s largest and most important single collection of medieval Jewish manuscripts. For a thousand years, the Jewish community of Fustat (Old Cairo), placed their worn-out books and other writings in a storeroom (genizah) of the Ben Ezra Synagogue, and in 1896–97

Ancient Judaism

The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL) is an initiative of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW) at New York University. AWDL will identify, collect, curate, and provide access to a broad range of scholarly materials relevant to the study of the ancient world.

West Semitic Research (WSR)

The image collection of West Semitic Research (WSR) includes a wide variety of inscriptional material, particularly in the languages and scripts of Northwest Semitic. The following is a listing of image collections in high-resolution digital form. Many are subject to arrangements with collaborating institutions. Scholars can use the links below to browse through the image lists.

Ancient images and commentary relating to the Bible and the ancient Near East

The West Semitic Research Project is an academic project affiliated with the University of Southern California School of Religion and directed by Dr. Bruce Zuckerman. For the past 32 years WSRP has used advanced photographic and computer imaging techniques to document objects and texts from the ancient world. In doing this we have built a vast collection of images that we are now making available to scholars, students, educators and the general public through a variety of ways.

The Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Hebrew MSS Project

The Dead Sea Scrolls Project was established by the Oriental Institute during the months that followed the freeing of the scrolls (autumn 1991). The project was originally staffed by Dr. Norman Golb, Professor of Jewish History and Civilization, Dr. Michael Wise, Assistant Professor of Aramaic, as well as by our graduate research assistant, Anthony Tomasino.

Ugaritic and Biblical Literature

The Ugaritic texts offer innumerable literary and religious parallels to biblical literature. The parallels are so rich and in some cases so specific that it is evident that the Ugaritic texts do not merely provide parallels, but belong to a shared or overlapping cultural matrix with the Hebrew Bible.

Chinese Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Prints

The history of China before the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912 and the People’s Republic of China in 1949 generally is thought of in terms of a succession of dynasties, beginning with the legendary Xia dynasty (circa 2100 BCE-circa 1600 BCE) and the Shang dynasty (circa 1600 BCE-1046 BCE), and ending with the Qing dynasty of 1644-1911. The oldest records of Chinese history date from around 1600 BCE. Presented on this timeline are manuscripts,

The University Library of Languages ​​and Civilizations (BULAC)

The University Library of Languages ​​and Civilizations (BULAC) is a university and heritage library, open to all, and specializing in languages ​​and civilizations, cultural areas of the non-Western world.

École française d’Extrême-Orient (Database)

The Documentation of the University System catalog is the French collective catalog created by the libraries and documentation centers of higher education and research. It includes more than 10 million bibliographic records that describe all types of documents (books, theses, magazines, electronic resources, audiovisual documents, microforms, maps, sheet music, manuscripts and old books …)

Catalogue of the Library of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities

The Library of the Academy is a special library which was founded at the start of the 18th century together with the Electoral Society of Sciences of Brandenburg. It holds a complete collection of all of the publications from the nearly 300 years of the learned society’s existence. The catalog lists the holdings of the research projects in the field of Greek and Roman antiquities ( Scheme ) and the Ancient Near East

IndoSkript Database Software

IndoSkript is both a database of inscriptions and a tool for analyzing their paleography. At the present time (July 2006) it contains about 600 Brahmi inscriptions, whose individual letters are stored to allow comparisons. It being a slightly unusual product this is a slightly unusual review, and is arranged in a step by step fashion, so that, if you wish, you can follow along by actually using the software.

The National Library of India Online Catalogue

The National Library Online Catalogue is a bibliographic and full-text database of print and electronic resources, comprising books, databases, Indian and Foreign Official Documents, reports, maps and more.

Indian Epigraphy

Considering the fact that the Harappan script may have been proto-Brahmi, the underlying language to be expected should be Sanskrit, or proto-Sanskrit, or derivatives of Sanskrit. Many of the rules of evolution that apply to scripts are equivalently true for languages too. Like scripts, languages too render themselves to similar evolutionary inspections, as they too carry imprints of their journey down the ages

Archaeological Survey of Ceylon

Search Results for Archaeological Survey of Ceylon from The University of Ruhuna Library Catalog.

Inscriptions of Ceylon, Vol.1 : Early Brahmi inscriptions

University Of Ruhuna Inscriptions of Ceylon, Vol.1 : Early Brahmi inscriptions.

The Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library,  
The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) is very proud to present the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library, a free online digitized virtual library of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Hundreds of manuscripts made up of thousands of fragments – discovered from 1947 and until the early 1960’s in the Judean Desert along the western shore of the Dead Sea – are now available to the public online. The high resolution images are extremely detailed and can be accessed through various search options on the site.

K.C. Hanson’s Collection of Ancient Documents 
A useful collection of inscriptions and documents relating to the study of early Judaism and Christianity. For most entries he includes not only basic information about the object, but also a transcription (for Semitic languages in transliteration), English translation, bibliography, and interesting set of discussion questions. Among some of the more interesting texts relating to this project are the Yavneh-Yam Ostracon, the Gezer Calendar), an inscription forbidding foreigners to enter into the Second Temple, the Theodotus inscription (the earliest synagogue inscription from Israel/Palestine), and an inscribed ossuary that may mention the high priest Caiphas.

BODO: Bible + Orient Database Online  
BODO records and digitizes the holdings of the Bibel + Orientmuseum Freiburg (Switzerland). Most of them are roll seals, stamp seals, amulets and other small objects from the Old Testament. The database opens up over 21,000 entries and more than 150,000 image files via a simple and an advanced search. To many pictures there are detailed accompanying texts

An index of archeological sites in Israel  
This list of archaeological expeditions which accept volunteers is compiled by the Israel Foreign Ministry as a service to the public, and is not an endorsement of any of the projects listed. The excavation details below been published by the archaeologists in charge of the individual expeditions, who bear responsibility for their contents.

Ancient Hebrew Research Center  
The Ancient Hebrew Research Center’s Ancient Semitic Inscriptions site contains a number of beautiful pictures of ancient Semitic inscriptions, and is useful for seeing and charting different Semitic scripts.

Ancient Israel Catalog Search  
Founded in 1999, Abraham Geiger College is the first liberal rabbinical seminary in Continental Europe since the Shoah. In response to the urgent need for academic rabbinical and cantorial training,

Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos 
Dura-Europos served as an important Roman stronghold on the empire’s eastern edge. Many of the objects on view demonstrate the coexistence of multiple religions—including polytheistic cults, Judaism, and Christianity—the great variety of languages employed by its population, and its role as an international military garrison.

Enoch and the Beginnings of Jewish Interest in Natural Science (Ancient Jewish Sciences  
This document is part of the book Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature available at the URI It is published as part of the NYU Library’s Ancient World Digital Library and in partnership with the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW).

Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature  
This work is available at the URI as part of the NYU Library’s Ancient World Digital Library and in partnership with the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW).

Ancient Hebrew Grammar   
This blog reflects both our ongoing scholarly interest in the grammar of ancient Hebrew (biblical and non-biblical) and our strong collaborative research relationship (which began in 1996 in grad school at UW-Madison). It provides us with an outlet (read excuse) to formulate our thinking on various grammatical topics outside the confines of traditional academic venues.

Studies in the history of the ancient Near East   
The Ancient World Digital Library (AWDL) is an initiative of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW) at New York University. AWDL will identify, collect, curate, and provide access to a broad range of scholarly materials relevant to the study of the ancient world.

Chinese manuscripts   
The Chinese collection, which on a global scale is regarded as one of the most important ones outside of China, comprises around 230,000 printed volumes, as well as 3,000 manuscripts. Amongst the most valuable are about 20 printings from the Song Dynasty (960-1279) and the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368), as well as more than 100 printings from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

China History Timeline, Chronology, Dynasty Qin Han Tang Ming Qing (pre-history)   
The Dynasties of China. A selection of resources organized by dynasty. The individual bibliographies below provide more extensive material on the major dynasties.

Ancient China Bibliographies   
Across Time and Rulers These works span multiple dynasties, with an emphasis on the early formation of China.

CrossAsia Database  
CrossAsia offers access to selected digital resources and databases subject to licence that contain relevant information for East and Southeast Asia studies.

East Asian titles of the Berlin State Library  
The online catalogue contains holdings of the East Asia Department in East Asian languages (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, languages of Central Asia). Regarding older titles, the coverage of older titles may be incomplete. Is is recommended to check the printed catalogue or the card catalogues of the East Asia Department if necessary.

Inventory of Khmer manuscripts 
Since 1990, under the responsibility of Olivier de Bernon (director of studies currently based in Paris, lecturer at the EPHE), EBIC’s team consists of five people, painstakingly sets the location, catering physical, identification and inventory microfilmed manuscripts remaining in the monastic libraries of Cambodia. In 2010, the inventory of microfilmed some 7,000 books have been digitized through a bottom deposit of the Singapore Embassy to UNESCO, to be made freely available online , each text being presented with its description

Lanna Manuscripts – Book Lanna  
This database makes available a collection of hundreds of digitized manuscripts reproduced from forty-one monastic libraries in Northern Thailand and one public library in Bangkok (the Siam Society). The project is led by the EFEO, as part of its cooperation with the Princess Mahachakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre in Bangkok, and is aimed at students and researchers interested in philology, literature and history of Thailand, especially texts representative of Northern Thai Buddhism.

The genealogies of Huizhou  
the collection of the former “Department of Rare Books and Special Collections” at the National Library of China; it is of 286 entries, of which about fifty relate to double and fifteen pedigrees not Huizhou (eight and seven Jingde Jingxian). These genealogies preserved at the site of Zhongguancun, mainly of the Ming period, or manuscripts of the Qing period. The genealogies preserved in the former department of ancient books, on the site of Beihai, are not included in this catalog. (CNLSBP)

The Chinese rubbings collections in Europe  
This database gathers essential data on rubbings of many of the major institutions in France and other European countries whose nationals have taken an interest in this type of documentation, often ignored Western scholars and enthusiasts: the rubbings are often written, but not books, and when it comes to images that are reproductions and not unique pieces like paintings.

Old China   
The parts catalogs Ancient Orient and Old China are called. Image Public Access Catalogues (IPAC). As alphabetic catalogs they open up to a residual of acquisitions before 1970 the stock of the branch library Ancient Orient .

Cambridge Histories – Asian History   
First published in 1902, the Cambridge Histories is a globally respected series of over 300 volumes spanning fifteen subject areas across the humanities and social sciences, with a concentration on political and cultural history, literature, philosophy, religious studies, music and the arts.

Ancient Indian Inscriptions  
The Publication of these documents with texts and translations was taken up simultaneously and the following fascicule of South Indian Inscriptions were issued between the years 1886 and 1903. They included 321 records edited critically and supplied all the material that may be practically necessary for constructing the rough outlines of Chola and Pallava history.

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)  
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Besides it regulate all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. It also regulates Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972.

Brahmi Script Wikipedia  
Brahmi (brāhmī) is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in South and Central Asia during the final centuries BCE and the early centuries CE. Like its contemporary Kharoṣṭhī, which was used in what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan, it is an abugida.

Tamil-Brahmi   Tamil-Brahmi, or Tamili, is a variant of the Brahmi script used to write the Tamil language. These are the earliest documents of a Dravidian language, and the script was well established in the Chera and Pandyan states, in what is now Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Sri Lanka.

Epigraphia indica   
A List of the inscriptions of northern India in Brahmi and its derivative scripts. Supplements to the list of the inscriptions of Northern India. also Epigraphia Indo-moslemica

Sanskrit Inscriptions Worldcat 
Worldcat search results for Sanskrit Inscriptions. A collection of Prakrit and Sanskrit inscriptions. Contributions of Sanskrit inscriptions to lexicography. Studies in Sanskrit inscriptions of ancient Cambodia

Indus script  
The Indus script (also known as the Harappan script) is a corpus of symbols produced by the Indus Valley Civilization during the Kot Diji and Mature Harappan periods between 3500 and 1900 BC. Most inscriptions are extremely short. It is not clear if these symbols constitute a script used to record a language, and the subject of whether the Indus symbols were a writing system is controversial.

Brahmi script   
Brahmi is the modern name given to one of the oldest writing systems used in the Indian subcontinent and in Central Asia during the final centuries BCE and the early centuries CE. Like its contemporary, Kharoṣṭhī, which was used in what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan, it is an abugida.

Indo Aryan Languages 
A comparative grammar of the modern Aryan languages of India : to wit, Hindi, Panjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati, Marathi, Oṛiya, and Bangali. And Original papers illustrating the history of the application of the Roman alphabet to the languages of India

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